A Revised Radiocarbon Sequence for Karluk-1 and the Implications for Kodiak Island Prehistory

Catherine F. West


The Karluk-1 site has played a central role in defining the late prehistory of the Kodiak archipelago, in particular the Koniag tradition and its genesis. As part of the Bryn Mawr College Karluk Archaeology Project, Richard Jordan and Richard Knecht excavated the site in the 1980s and obtained six radiocarbon dates. Here, I add 21 new dates for the Karluk-1 site, which suggest that the site was occupied approximately 250–300 years later than previously thought. These new dates help to refine our understanding of Karluk’s place in prehistory and raise questions about the role of the Little Ice Age in driving cultural changes observed at Karluk-1.