New Computational and Mathematical Methods for Archaeological Fieldwork at the Extreme South of the Populated World

Juan A. Barceló, Laura Mameli, Alfredo Maximiano and Oriol Vicente

Abstract

We present the methodology of computer modeling of an archaeological excavation. The method allows the study of archaeological formation, modification and transformation processes. Our main goal has been to build a computer model of middensite formation processes. The main purpose of these models is converting excavation data to visual elements (lines, surfaces, and solids) which can be used as a representation of that data. Furthermore, geostatistics and other quantitative spatial analysis methods are also discussed to characterize the processes having generated the spatial distribution of archaeological data.

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