Site Formation Processes and Long-term Changes in Land Use among Maritime Hunter-Gatherers: A Case Study at the Hamanaka-2 Site, Rebun Island, Hokkaido

Takashi Sakaguchi

Abstract

Based on structural analysis and conjoinable artifacts using total station data, this research explores site formation processes and changes in land use at the multi-component sand dune site, Hamanaka-2, occupied by maritime hunter-gatherers from the Late Jomon to Okhotsk period. During the Late Jomon and Epi-Jomon periods, the site was intensively used as a campsite where people were involved in seasonal activities. During the Okhotsk culture period, the location functioned as a human burial area and dog butchering site. These different activities are reflected in the artifact and faunal assemblages and refuse patterning in each layer respectively. This paper demonstrates that a spatial analysis using total station data and conjoinable artifacts is methodologically effective in improving our understanding of site formation processes and long-term changes in land use among maritime hunter-gatherers.

  • Takashi Sakaguchi, 705 Sydney Avenue, Coquitlam British Columbia, Canada V3K 3K3

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